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The Olympic bronze medallist, unbeaten this season, clocked the fastest time in the world this year of 52.

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83 seconds for victory.

Dalilah Muhammad of the United States was second in 54.09 and her compatriot and 2011 world champion Lashinda Demus took third in 54.27.

“To run under 53 seconds – it is fantastic. The reason for my improvement is that I changed coach and I now train with the boys,” the 26-year-old told reporters.

“They are faster so they are my motivation.”

After London 2012, Hejnova linked up with Dalibor Kupka, former coach to 2004 Olympic decathlon champion Roman Sebrle, and she counts European 400 metres gold medallist Pavel Maslak among her new training partners.

“It’s a fantastic season for me. I’m still unbeatable… and I broke my personal best and the national record,” Hejnova added.

It was only the second track gold for the Czech Republic at a world championships after Ludmila Formanova won the 800 in 1999.

American Demus went off fast and was the first to rise but Hejnova never let her rivals get too far in front, relying on her strength over the second part of the race to reel them in and leave them trailing.

Medal favourite Perri Shakes-Drayton was a disappointing seventh after suffering an injury to her left knee during the race.

“It was going all right until the first hurdle and after the first hurdle my knee just felt funny,” the Briton said.

“It was going so well, leading the heats and the semi. But tonight after the first bend I was just going back and back and back.”

Russia’s Olympic champion Natalya Antyukh did not make the final.

(Writing by Alison Wildey, editing by Justin Palmer)

Aged care providers have written to federal MPs, appealing to them to pass legislation to introduce the government’s aged-care reform package.

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They say that if necessary, Labor should allow opposition amendments – but it’s important to have the package approved before the September election.

 

Thea Cowie reports.

 

The letter from the aged care providers uges MPs to pass the aged care reform with or without amendments.

 

It’s signed by 22 heads of organisations claiming to represent almost a million Australians.

 

They include aged care providers, carers and consumer groups for the elderly.

 

The groups say they’ve been waiting for this legislation to pass since Kevin Rudd was Prime Minister.

 

Chief executive of Catholic Health Australia Martin Laverty is one of the signatories.

 

“What we’ve got at the moment is consumer groups, unions, provider groups all agreeing that this legislation needs to go through the parliament. There might be some areas where the government needs to concede to the opposition requests for amendments. We say to the opposition and the government – strike a deal this week so that we can be confident that the legislation is going to pass through the parliament before the election so that it doesn’t get forgotten with all of the things the parliament has to deal with.”

 

The government’s “Living Longer Living Better” aged-care reform package would cost three-point-seven-billion dollars over five years.

 

Parliament would need to pass five separate bills for it to take effect.

 

Its supporters say the package would enable an extra 40,000 elderly Australians to remain in their own homes in the five-year period.

 

They say it would also give people greater control over how they pay for their care in residential homes.

 

Catholic Health Australia’s Martin Laverty says expanding the choices available to elderly Australians is the most important aspect.

 

“Choice. If there is one reason why this legislation needs to be passed it is because it gives to older Australians greater choice to stay in their own homes longer if that’s what they choose to do.”

 

The groups say another important element of the reforms would be a proposed nine per cent wage increase for aged care workers in coming years.

 

Federal Secretary of the Australian Nursing Federation Lee Thomas says without the pay increase, improvements in aged care will fail.

 

“Wages in aged care is amongst the lowest of the low. It’s nothing for a nurse working in aged care to be earning 300 to 400 hundred dollars a week less than a nurse doing pretty similar work in a public hospital down the street. When budgets get tight at home sometimes they have to make decisions about leaving the sector and going to work in different environments.”

 

But there are only four sitting weeks during which this legislation can pass before the parliament rises for the federal election.

 

During that time the government needs to pass all of its budget measures, changes to the private health insurance rebate and education reforms.

 

The aged care groups say they’ve committed an enormous amount of time, energy and resources to the reforms, in anticipation of them taking effect from July 1.

 

Manager of government business in the federal parliament, Anthony Albanese, says it will be the opposition’s fault if the bills don’t pass.

 

“They’re a confused lot, the opposition. Their natural instinct is to say no to everything. We haven’t had an indication yet of exactly where they stand but we have to assume that they will say no because usually they say no to everything.”

 

But the opposition spokeswoman on ageing, Senator Concetta Fierravanti-Wells says the coalition won’t be rushed into signing off on legislation it’s barely seen.

 

“The debate in the House of Representatives only started on the 14th of May this year. This government, after sitting on the Productivity Commission report for more than 250 days, and then waiting another 327 days before bringing the bills before the parliament. Now the minister is forcing everyone to accept his incomplete and potentially very concerning bills within the next 16 days of parliamentary sessions.”

 

The question though is exactly what question to ask.

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Difficult, right?

And so there we go again getting ourselves in a tough-to-break circle and not knowing quite where to start.

That’s partly because the question definitely not to ask after a taking a hit like this is whether or not it is time to pull out of Afghanistan.

This kind of talk often occurs any time there’s tragic news about an Australian casualty as if – surprise! – it was always thought there was a military presence in Afghanistan for fun or that Australia should only be involved if it is convincingly ‘winning’.

Guess what?

Afghanistan is a mess and will probably always be a mess while a government cannot control a country where Taliban are considered by some to be a preferable alternative to rule from Kabul.

So the question should not be ‘Is it time to withdraw Western military forces?’ but more ‘What kind of condition can the country be left in to give Kabul’s government and the West an end game?’

The weekend’s attack underlined two points.

The first is pretty obvious.

Afghanistan is a dangerous place for anyone and everyone.

(That 22 of the dead were members of Seal Team Six, the unit that led the raid on Osama Bin Laden’s compound, killed by a lucky-to-have-hit RPG shot, also demonstrates how successful that extremely risky operation into Pakistan really was.)

Second, Kabul’s government (and, by proxy, the West) has no control over large sections of the country. The reality is that insurgents rule parts of the country ten years after George W. Bush pushed the button to invade Afghanistan after the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington DC.

“It was not as bad… two years back, but recently it has deteriorated dramatically,” Nafisa Hejran, a member of the Logar Provincial Council told the New York Times.

The newspaper reported that two weeks ago Hejran received a death threat from insurgents telling her to “quit her job”. Most members of the provincial council in Logar no longer attend council meetings because it is too dangerous.

“The Taliban are setting up checkpoints on the main road, searching peoples’ pockets for ID cards and documents that indicate they work either for Afghan government or the international forces,” she said. “If they find something, then they behead the person on the spot to create fear and terror among the people.”

Yes.

Well.

That would have that effect, wouldn’t it?

So the circle continues. Foreign troops supposedly working to make Afghanistan (and the rest of the world) a better place are killed by extremists who will chop the heads off other locals trying to establish some form of functional government.

Wait.

What was the original question again?

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd is ordering an intervention into Labor’s New South Wales branch to stamp out corruption and further limit the influence of wealthy property developers on the party.

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Mr Rudd said last week he was revolted by the evidence tendered to the Independent Commission Against Corruption in New South Wales.

 

At his first Cabinet meeting as Prime Minister, Mr Rudd secured agreement to place New South Wales Labor into administration for a period of 30 days to begin the clean up.

 

And as Amanda Cavill reports, Mr Rudd says this is just the first step in his plan to reform the Australian Labor Party as a whole.

 

 

Mr Rudd and New South Wales Labor boss Sam Dastyari have agreed to take steps to improve the party’s image after damning revelations about former state MPs’ conduct was revealed by the state’s Independent Commission Against Corruption.

 

The Prime Minister and the national executive have handed Mr Dastyari absolute power to begin the reforms.

 

The changes include a policy of zero-tolerance under which MPs will be expelled if they are investigated for corruption.

New South Wales Labor’s administrative committee, 80 per cent of which is made up of union officials, is expected to be sacked.

 

Mr Rudd and Mr Dastyari want to have 50 per cent of the new administration made up from rank and file members.

 

Property developers will also be banned from standing for pre-selection.

 

It’s the first federal Labor intervention into a Labor branch in more than 40 years.

Mr Rudd says the ALP must be modern, more democratic and representative of the community.

 

He says it must also be free of the corruption that has been exposed in the New South Wales branch by the state’s anti-corruption agency.

“The labor Party I intend to lead will be a modern Labor party. I want a more democratic Labor party. I want one which is more representative of the face of modern Australia and I want a Labor party which is free from the taint of some of the things we have seen emerge in ICAC in New South Wales.”

 

The current disputes and credentials committee will be dissolved to make way for the establishment of an independent judicial body to oversee dispute resolution.

 

Mr Rudd says he also wants an internal ombudsman to hear the complaints of members and conduct timely investigations.

 

The move has been welcomed by New South Wales Labor leader John Robertson.

 

“Reform is important and the announcements that the Prime Minister made are absolutely critical. Greater democratisation of our party, implementing reform so it’s easier to remove anyone who’s found to have acted corruptly in our party. Issues that are going to send a very strong message to the community that this great party has a very proud history but also has a future in a contemporary society like Australia.”

 

The federal opposition says any reform of the corrupt New South Wales Labor party is welcome.

 

But Coalition Treasury spokesman Joe Hockey says given it was the New South Wales Labor party that supported Mr Rudd for Prime Minister, twice, the move is nothing more than a political ploy to fool voters.

 

“It’s a joke. When Kevin Rudd says that he is going to force an investigation into New South Wales Labor, it’s like the caged animal trying to force an investigation into the zookeeper. It’s a joke. The New South Branch of the Labor Party has delivered Kevin Rudd the leadership of the Labor party not once, but twice and now he’s so revolted by their behaviour that he’s going to investigate it? I mean, come on, please Kevin Rudd, stop treating the Australian people like fools.”

Mr Rudd says his party still wants the full participation of the trade union movement but there is a more diverse base who also need a voice.

 

And he’s warned this is just the first move towards modernising the whole of the Labor movement in Australia.

 

“This is the beginning of the reform program. The time has come to modernise the Australian Labor Party. We need to open the windows and the doors of the great Australian Labor Party to the Australian Community. We need to give people full voice, fair opportunity. And of course therefore the task of wider reform of the Australian labor Party beyond New South Wales lies ahead of us and I’ll have more to say on that in the future.”

 

Mr Dastyari has 30 days to begin implementing the reforms and Mr Rudd has not ruled intervening again in the future, should further changes be necessary.

 

The Independent Commission Against Corruption is expected to hand down its finding in the New South Wales Labor corruption inquiry in the coming weeks.

 

 

Relations, already strained in the morning when organisers admitted to a mistaken ruling in Europe’s favour during Friday’s play, became acrimonious as Pressel and Kerr quarreled with Icher and Recari on the 16th hole for over half an hour.

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Officials needed to step in to place Recari and Kerr’s balls after both shot into a water hazard and could not agree on each other’s ball placement.

Icher and Recari shrugged off the furore to help Europe sweep the fourballs 4-0 and open a commanding five-point lead heading into Sunday’s singles.

No team has ever rallied from more than two points behind to win the trophy, but U.S. captain Meg Mallon refused to concede.

“Obviously, it was a very disappointing afternoon,” Mallon told reporters. “We have our work cut out for us tomorrow. It can be done. It’s daunting right now but it can be done.”

Trailing 5-3 after the opening day, the U.S. had pulled within a point after winning the morning foursomes 2.5 to 1.5, but Nordqvist, playing with Caroline Hedwall, fired up the Europeans by acing the 187-yard par-three 17th at Colorado Golf Club.

That sealed the clash with Pressel and Jessica Korda 2&1, and marked the Swede as the first player to make a hole-in-one in the tournament’s history.

“I don’t think it has hit me yet,” Nordqvist said. “It was a really good shot, going straight at it. We thought it might be a little long, but it pitched and hit, and it’s just an unbelievable feeling.”

INCORRECT DROP

Stacy Lewis and Paula Creamer prevailed one-up over Azahara Munoz and Icher, while Michelle Wie and Brittany Lang won 2&1 over Suzann Pettersen and Beatriz Recari to give the U.S. early momentum in the foursomes.

The Americans were up in arms after organizers confirmed in the morning that Europeans Pettersen and Carlota Ciganda were given a favourable and incorrect ruling on the par-five 15th during their duel with Lewis and Lexi Thompson on Friday.

Ciganda hit her second shot into a water hazard and was allowed to take an incorrect drop before eventually halving the hole and going on to win the match.

The LPGA apologised “for any confusion” in a statement, but Lewis, who had argued the point with officials on Friday, was not mollified.

“It hurt us. It hurt our team. It hurt the momentum,” she said. “But … it fired us up more. So, if anything, if they feel bad about it, that’s good, because we’re just more fired up out of it.”

Catriona Matthew and Caroline Masson salvaged a half for Europe in the morning foursomes against Britanny Lincicome and Lizette Salas, before Europe tore through the afternoon.

Jodi Ewart-Shadoff and Charley Hull won two-up over Creamer and Thompson, and Munoz and Ciganda prevailed one-up against Gerina Piller and Angela Stanford.

Hedwall and Masson won 2&1 over Wie and Korda, before Recari and Icher completed the sweep with a one-up win over and Kerr and Pressel following their 16th hole squabble.

The U.S. will need a monumental effort on Sunday to score the 14.5 points needed for victory, effectively nine out of the 12 singles battles.

Europe’s five-point lead is the equal biggest in the competition’s history heading into Sunday.

(Reporting by Ben Everill; Editing by Ian Ransom)

The United Nations says one million Syrians have fled their homeland since a revolt erupted two years ago.

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The UN High Commissioner for Refugees says a year ago it had only registered 33-thousand refugees.

 

This year alone, already in excess of 400,000 more Syrian refugees have fled the country of about 22 million.

 

Kerri Worthington reports.

 

The official one-millionth refugee is Bushra, a 19-year-old from Homs.

 

“We are living now in Lebanon, Tripoli. Our situation is so bad, everything is so expensive, we can’t find any work… The situation is so bad, I live with 20 other people in one room.” “We want to go back to our country, go back to Syria, we wish for the crisis to be resolved and live in peace.”

 

But Bushra is far from being the last refugee from Syria.

 

Even as she and her two children were registered with the UNHCR in Tripoli, several hundred families — mostly women and children — were lined up behind her waiting their turn.

 

The UNHCR representative in Lebanon, Ninette Kelly, says by highlighting that the number of refugees has passed the million mark, the organisation hopes to remind the world of how serious the situation is in Syria.

 

“A million represents a million individual lives, a million individual lives who have been uprooted in a great sense of tragedy and loss that accompanies that flight from violence and insecurity.”

 

Lebanon is the smallest of the Syria’s neighbours but is the country that has received the most refugees.

 

The UNHCR says almost 330,000 people are sheltering in Lebanon.

 

Nearly as many are in Jordan, while others have fled to Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.

 

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, says the huge numbers of refugees has had a big impact on Syria’s neighbours.

 

“One can imagine in the most sensitive region in the world what impact the Syrian crisis has and if we want to avoid an explosion in the Middle East, if we want to guarantee the peace and the stability in the countries around, it is very important to find a political solution for the Syrian crisis before things gets much worse than what they are now.”

 

While the Syrian situation continues to be a major topic of discussion at the United Nations Security Council, and among the nation members of the Arab League, refugee workers are busy making the lives of those who’ve fled a little less miserable.

 

In one of the biggest camps, Zaatari in Jordan, homesick young refugees are flocking to a Youth Empowerment Centre that opened last October.

 

It’s operated by the International Medical Corps psychological support program.

 

The head of the program, Ahmad Bawaneh, says children account for almost 60 percent of the refugees, most of whom have witnessed unimaginable difficulties.

 

“They arrive here, some of them harbouring feelings of anger, or feelings of sadness that are not extreme enough to be considered a psychological illness. However, in our opinion these children need social and psychological support, and this is why we opened these centres, as they offer the opportunity for them to have social initiatives that may help them adapt to the situation, and may help others as well.”

 

A federal Liberal election candidate has resigned after apologising to voters and Opposition Leader Tony

Abbott over a personal website containing lewd and sexist content.

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Mr Abbott’s office confirmed on Tuesday evening Kevin Baker won’t stand for former Labor minister Greg Combet’s NSW seat of Charlton.

But his name remains on the ballot paper because nominations have closed.

“I understand that while my name will still appear on the ballot paper, my campaign is over,” Mr Baker said in a statement.

“I deeply regret the posts made on my website and decided it wasn’t appropriate to continue as the party’s candidate.”

His resignation came after Mr Abbott was on Tuesday afternoon briefed about his case.

Mr Baker was forced to shut down his “Mini-Mods” forum site for car enthusiasts.

The site contained references to incest, domestic violence, racism and child abuse and the content can still be viewed under cache settings.

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd had called on Mr Abbott to “man up” and disendorse Mr Baker.

NSW Liberal director Mark Neeham confirmed the party would not be represented in Charlton at the election, meaning there would be no more campaigning or money spent.

However, voters can still tick the box supporting Mr Baker on September 7.  

Mr Abbott said earlier on Tuesday Mr Baker had done the wrong thing.

“He has abjectly apologised, as he should, and the site has been closed down,” Mr Abbott said.

“Yep, he’s done the wrong thing.”  

Soon after the federal election campaign began, Labor candidate for the safe seat of Hotham Geoff Lake was sacked over remarks he made to a Monash City councillor 11 years ago.

“We intervened, took counsel and acted,” Mr Rudd.

Mr Abbott said Labor was in no position to lecture the coalition about political probity, given that its ministers had appeared before the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption.

 

Fortescue Metals is pushing ahead with the sale of a minority stake in its rail and port infrastructure, despite favourable conditions helping the iron ore miner to pay down its debt.

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Fortescue recently put back a decision on the potential sale by three months to the end of September.

The iron ore miner raised the prospect of a partial sale as part of measures to address its debts levels.

But chief executive Nev Power said there was no real deadline for making the decision, as the company came closer to completing its capital expansion.

“We set that as a bit of an expectation, saying that’s when we expected things might finalise and that process is continuing,” Mr Power told the Diggers and Dealers mining conference.

“We’re working through the people that have expressed an interest on that.”

He said it was a relatively complex transaction, and the company wanted to make sure the assets could be operated efficiently and expanded to meet future needs.

“We’ve continued to look to improve our cash flow from operations and reducing costs,” Mr Power said.

“A higher than predicted iron ore price … a softening Australian dollar, the prepayments that we’ve been able to transact and other non-core asset sales have all contributed to the improvement in our cash position and they all add to our ability to repay that debt sooner.

“I don’t think it’s necessary to prioritise one before the other but we’re continuing to work on all of those options.”

Mr Power also said the Fortescue board was considering options to pay off debt more rapidly to improve the balance sheet.

Fortescue expects to reduce its capital expenditure from $6.2 billion in 2013 to less than $2 billion next year.

Mr Power reiterated that the company was on track to produce 155 million tonnes of iron ore by the end of the year.

He also lashed out at naysayers who are worried about a slowdown in China.

“I’ve never seen so many people negative on China that have never been there or never really studied it,” he said.

“China is a phenomenal economy.”

Hawthorn’s chances of holding top spot on the AFL ladder has suffered a blow with skipper Luke Hodge ruled out for one to two weeks with a fractured thumb.

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Hodge had surgery on Monday after hurting his thumb during the last quarter of Saturday’s upset loss to seventh-placed Richmond, which was only the Hawks’ third defeat in 2013.

While Hawthorn will start as strong favourites against third-bottom side St Kilda at Etihad Stadium on Friday night, their round-21 blockbuster clash with sixth-placed Collingwood at the MCG on August 16 is likely to be a tougher encounter, especially if Hodge, who is a strong motivator, is still on the sidelines.

“Luke has had corrective surgery today to repair a minor fracture in his thumb and we expect he will return in 1-2 weeks,” Hawthorn’s acting football manager Chris Fagan said in a statement released on Monday night.

Hawthorn ruckman David Hale admits complacency hurt the Hawks in their surprise loss to Richmond.

Badly needing a big scalp, the Tigers jumped Hawthorn and pulled away for an outstanding 41-point win on Saturday.

While it confirmed Richmond’s long finals drought is over, the match left the league’s top side collectively scratching their heads.

It came only eight days after Hawthorn had dismantled Essendon by 56 points, strongly suggesting they were right on track for their title tilt.

“You can’t be complacent,” Hale said on Monday.

“You can’t go into a game and just think it’s going to happen.

“You have to ‘turn up’ every week.

“The first quarter, we were probably lucky to be within three goals.

“If we come with the right mindset, we think we can match it with anyone.”

Hale added there was no physical letdown from the Essendon game.

He said Monday’s video review with coach Alastair Clarkson would probably be unpleasant.

Clarkson was philosophical post-match, noting Hawthorn’s form had been impressive since their last poor performance, also against the Tigers in round nine last year.

But Hale conceded there were likely to be some barbs from the feisty Hawks coach.

“Going through the tape, he might find a few things that he didn’t agree with too much,” Hale said.

“We served it up, so we have to cop what happens.”

Hawthorn are certain to hit back hard this week, with Richmond coach Damien Hardwick saying he pitied their next opponents.

Hawthorn’s run to the finals features matches against St Kilda, Collingwood, 10th-placed North Melbourne and second-placed Sydney who are on 58 points, just half a win behind the Hawks.

“I’d say Clarko will have us pretty primed from the start this week, so it’s something where we have to bounce back,” Hale said.

“A lot of players were probably down on the weekend.”

Usain Bolt equalled the record for the number of world athletics championship gold medals on Sunday when he anchored the Jamaican 4x100m relay team to victory at the 2013 edition in Moscow.

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It was the Jamaican’s eighth world gold medal after winning the 100m and 200m at the Berlin worlds in 2009, the 200m in Daegu in 2011, the 100m and 200m in Moscow this week, as well as golds as part of the winning Jamaican 4x100m relay squads in 2009, 2011 and now 2013.

It means Bolt joins American women’s 200m specialist Allyson Felix, and retired US track stars Carl Lewis and Michael Johnson who, including relays, have all won eight world championship gold medals.

Bolt moves to the top of the all-time world championships medals table with eight golds and two silvers, edging Lewis’ eight golds, one silver and one bronze.

The quartet of individual 100m bronze medallist Nesta Carter, Kemar Bailey-Cole, Nickel Ashmeade and Bolt clocked 37.36sec in the race at a packed Luzhniki Stadium.

It capped another remarkable week for Bolt, who first reclaimed his world 100m title in Moscow in emphatic style, clocking a season’s best 9.77sec in heavy rain.

He then powered to a third successive world 200m title, destroying the field to finish in 19.66sec.

The relay, however, was far from plain sailing in the battle with traditional rivals the United States and Britain.

The US claimed silver in 37.56sec and Canada the bronze (37.92). Britain initially took third but were disqualified for “changing outside the sector in the second baton exchange”.

Starting in lane four, Carter ran the first leg but was pegged back by British teenager Adam Gemili on his outside.

A sharp opening leg from American Charles Silmon allowed Mike Rodgers to explode into his second leg, drawing level with Jamaican Kemar Bailey-Cole.

Bailey-Cole’s baton passover to Ashmeade, fifth in the 100m final, went as planned and the latter did well to claw back some of the metres lost.

Then came disaster for the US, as Rakieem Salaam fluffed his handover to anchorman Justin Gatlin, the 100m silver medallist’s right foot straying five times into the Jamaican lane as he struggled to take control of the baton.

That error handed Bolt, with a smooth handover from Ashmeade, just the space he needed to unfold his towering frame into an explosive final leg.

There was no easing up from the Jamaican sprint legend, teeth gritted, arms and legs pumping as he strove for the finish line with a savage dip.

A little earlier on Sunday, Jamaica regained the women’s 4×100 metres relay title in Moscow.

The Jamaicans timed a championship record 41.29 seconds to take gold while France crossed in second place (42.73sec) and defending champions the US in third (42.75sec).

The United States, however, were elevated to silver with France being disqualified for exchanging the baton outside the zone, and Britain were awarded the bronze.

The Jamaicans’ victory means Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce becomes the first woman sprinter to win the individual events (100m/200m) and the 4x100m relay at a world championships.

On Thursday, the 26-year-old had become only the third woman to do the individual double.

Fraser-Pryce sped down the track – with Usain Bolt watching and mouthing ‘go on, go on’ from the athletes’ call room where he was waiting to be called for his relay final.

LONDON Aug 14 PA – Facebook could be spreading unhappiness through society as well as keeping people connected, research has shown.

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The number one social networking site is strongly associated with declines in well-being, psychologists claim.

Scientists found the more time people spent on Facebook over a two-week period, the worse they subsequently felt.

In contrast, talking to friends on the phone or meeting them in person led to greater levels of happiness.

“On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection,” said study leader Dr Ethan Kross, from the University of Michigan in the US.

“But rather than enhance well-being, we found that Facebook use predicts the opposite result – it undermines it.”

The researchers recruited 82 young adults, all of whom had smartphones and Facebook accounts.

To assess their personal levels of well-being, participants were sent questions by text message at five random times each day for two weeks.

The “experience sampling” technique is a recognised reliable way of measuring how people think, feel and behave in their day-to-day lives.

Participants were asked how they felt “right now”, how worried or lonely they were, and to what extent they had been using Facebook or interacting with other people directly.

Writing in the online journal Public Library of Science ONE, the researchers said higher levels of Facebook use correlated with greater loss of well-being.

Volunteers were also asked to rate their level of life satisfaction at the start and end of the study.

Over the two-week period, satisfaction ratings were found to decline the more people used Facebook.

“This is a result of critical importance because it goes to the very heart of the influence that social networks may have on people’s lives,” said University of Michigan neuroscientist and co-author Dr John Jonides.

There was no evidence that people were more likely to log into Facebook when they felt bad, said the researchers.

In addition, loneliness and Facebook both had an independent impact on happiness.

“It was not the case that Facebook use served as a proxy for feeling bad or lonely,” said Kross.

Further research is planned to look at the psychological reasons for the negative effect of Facebook on well-being.

This is the same Jeb Bush who was governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007, is the son of President George H.

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Bush and younger brother of President George W. Bush. Jeb’s weekend PR blitz is not the kind of activity someone seeking a low profile undertakes. Bush 3.0’s TV tour was a platform to push a book – a perspective on America’s immigration “war”, no less – but was widely seen as an opportunity to dip his toe in the water for 2016.

Jeb said he considered a run for the White House in 2012 but claimed it was “not appropriate”. Well, that would be an understatement, especially when you consider that for every Republican candidate in the 2012 campaign the defining consensus was to never ever mention the disastrous Presidency of George. W. Bush, the effects of which the country is still reeling from.

Jeb, though, believes his brother’s presidency wasn’t as bad as it is made out to be (two long wars, the legality of one which is contested, economic meltdown, etc., etc., among other things) and history will be kinder to George W.’s eight-year term that today’s critics. Especially with that Iraq War thing that keeps getting in the way.

“You know, a lot of things in history change over time,” Jeb told CNN.

“I think people will respect the resolve that my brother showed, both in defending the country and the war in Iraq. But history will judge that in a more objective way than today. The war has wound down now and it’s still way too early to judge what success it had in providing some degree of stability in the region.”

If the former governor – and his elder brother – needs a gauge of stability in the region 10 years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, and now that the war has “wound down”, he could do worse than check in at this website.

There he would see that so far this month 97 civilians in Iraq have been killed in violent incidents including gunfire, landmines, bombs, and IEDs. In February, the same website reported 349 civilians killed. In January, the site recorded 341 violent deaths. The victims included children, employees of the government’s Education ministry, a teacher, and a farmer and a shepherd who both trod on landmines as they wrangled their vegetables and sheep.

So, Jeb Bush 2016. Forget the old Bush, this is the new Bush. Of course, it’s less than two months since Barack Obama’s second term inauguration so it’s very early days but be certain this Bush 3.0 is weighing up his chances. And if Hillary Clinton gets into the ring as the Democrat contender, as polls suggest that she should, then the next Presidential campaign may well turn into a dynastical death match.

Portugal lacked inspiration in the first half as coach Paulo Bento was forced to line up a makeshift midfield due to injuries to several players including Joao Moutinho, Nani and Silvestre Varela.

南宁桑拿

But the hosts reacted to the goal and pressed on in the second half, getting their reward five minutes before the final whistle when captain Ronaldo pounced on a corner and levelled with an easy finish.

“After so many changes to the initial squad call-up due to injuries I am satisfied with our football and the competitive rhythm displayed,” Bento told Portuguese television RTP.

The packed 30,000-strong Algarve stadium, located in the popular tourist region of southern Portugal, had many holiday travellers in the stands but those rooting for the home side were made to wait.

Although Portugal reacted after going behind, and Ronaldo had a lobbed goal disallowed for offside, they lacked efficiency up front for most of the match.

“It’s true we struggled a bit in the first half but, although the Netherlands dominated, there weren’t that many chances. As for our second half, it was class. The goal was a reward for the effort put in,” Bento said.

Portugal midfielder Ruben Micael should have levelled just before the half hour but missed a sitter and Miguel Veloso had a venomous shot saved by keeper Michel Vorm in the second half.

Dutch substitute Klaas-Jan Huntelaar also lost a one-on-one battle against Portuguese keeper Beto in the second-half which would have made it 2-0 but, in the end, it was the hosts who kept pushing forward until Ronaldo eventually equalised.

The Portuguese still top World Cup qualifying Group F after Northern Ireland shocked second-placed Russia 1-0 on Wednesday. Portugal have 14 points and the Russians remain two behind but now have only one game in hand.

(Writing by Daniel Alvarenga in Lisbon, editing by Ed Osmond and Ken Ferris)